On May 19, 1919 Ataturk sailed into Samsun, setting off the

chain of events leading to the establishment of the Republic of Turkey. He

announced that they were taking up arms to oppose imperialism, and

mobilizing for the eventual liberation of the nation. Thus the day is emblematic

of the birth of the nation. In early 1920s Ataturk convened the first Turkish

Grand National Assembly in Ankara, and by 1922 all of Anatolia was liberated

from foreign rule. The independent Republic of Turkey, a secular modern

nation with full gender equality, was declared the following year, in 1923.