On May 19, 1919 Ataturk sailed into Samsun, setting off the
chain of events leading to the establishment of the Republic of Turkey. He
announced that they were taking up arms to oppose imperialism, and
mobilizing for the eventual liberation of the nation. Thus the day is emblematic
of the birth of the nation. In early 1920s Ataturk convened the first Turkish
Grand National Assembly in Ankara, and by 1922 all of Anatolia was liberated
from foreign rule. The independent Republic of Turkey, a secular modern
nation with full gender equality, was declared the following year, in 1923.